They've been around for thousands of years, with bed bugs being recorded in papyrus scrolls in Egypt from as early as 2,000 B.C.
In addition to them being around since the beginning of time, essentially, most bed bug pesticides today are pyrethrin based.
Bed bugs have altered their own DNA to resist this type of pesticide within only a few generations, and it has been known to adversely affect and be toxic to pets.
No wonder there's only a few options on the market for you to purchase, and most are from billion dollar corporations with a team of lawyers that only they can afford to navigate the complicated and expensive bureaucracy.
New pesticides are prohibitively expensive to register and license, legally, for use among the general public in the US as well as in individual states.
Just look at the "Cost Estimates of Studies Required for Pesticide Registration" to see how much money goes into bringing a new product to market, and that's before even producing a single unit for sale!
It has been estimated that a new pesticide costs anywhere from $700,000 to $1.5 Million US dollars to register, and it only gets worse.
On October 1, 2019, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a Federal Register notice announcing the that fees under the Pesticide Registration Improvement Extension Act of 2018 (PRIA 4) were increased by five percent for pesticide applications received on or after October 1, 2019.
Severe, prolonged exposure to bed bugs can even result in anemia, making it an increased risk to the elderly and hospital patients, according to the NIH.
In the United States, average costs were around $800 to $1,200 for the treatment of a single bed bug infestation. Most people simply do not have this amount of money to deal with a bed bug problem.
Science Daily reports that there is a greater risk of bed bugs in poorer, crowded urban areas where they do not have the resources to eliminate bed bugs.
Additionally, dealing with a bed bug problem can cause a lot of anxiety and even PTSD, which is why it is rated as the highest item of importance by the National Apartment Association, even before taxes and fees or any other tenant/landlord related issues in polls conducted on renters.
We here at Defensive End! are, simply put, a website that sells a 3rd party solution, legally, to people to help them get rid of bed bugs and avoid the high costs associated with this very common, now global problem.
We pride ourselves on being the most educated, consumer-friendly site on the web. We do no advertising. We don't make a lot of money providing this community service, mostly just enough to cover the cost of operating usually, in fact.
But we continue because we know that knowledge is power and we consider the money we save people and the information we provide to be far more valuable than just sitting out on the sidelines waiting for corrupt governments to come to the aid of the general public in solving a very solvable problem.
According to the American Society for Microbiology, "Resistance to the organochlorines and pyrethrin has been known since the 1950s, and resistance to the organochlorines infers cross-resistance to pyrethroids due to their similar modes of action.
The difference today, compared with the past, is that most recent bed bug populations carry pyrethroid resistance, and the vast majority of insecticide products currently in use belong to the pyrethroid group."
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